Homework can foster independent learning and responsible character traits. And it can give parents an opportunity to see what's going on at school and let them express positive attitudes toward achievement. Opponents of homework counter that it can also have negative effects. They argue it can lead to boredom with schoolwork, since all activities remain interesting only for so long. Homework can deny students access to leisure activities that also teach important life skills. Parents can get too involved in homework - pressuring their child and confusing him by using different instructional techniques than the teacher. My feeling is that homework policies should prescribe amounts of homework consistent with the research evidence, but which also give individual schools and teachers some flexibility to take into account the unique needs and circumstances of their students and families.
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Studies also suggest that young students who are struggling in school take more time to complete homework assignments simply because these assignments are more difficult for and them. So, how much homework should students do? The national pta and the nea have a parent guide called "Helping your Child Get the most Out of Homework." It states, "Most educators agree that for children in grades K-2, homework is more effective when it does not exceed 10-20 minutes each day; older. These recommendations are consistent with the conclusions reached by our analysis. Practice assignments do improve scores on class tests at all grade levels. A little amount of homework may help elementary school students build study habits. Homework for junior high students appears to reach the point of diminishing returns after about 90 minutes a night. For high school students, the positive line continues to climb until between 90 minutes and 2 hours of homework a night, after which returns diminish. Beyond achievement, proponents of homework argue that it can have many other beneficial effects. They claim it can help students develop good study habits so they are ready to grow as their cognitive capacities mature. It can help students recognize that learning can occur at home as well as at school.
The results of such studies suggest that homework nashville can improve students' scores on the class tests that come at the end of a topic. Students assigned homework in 2nd grade did better on math, 3rd and 4th graders did better on English skills and vocabulary, 5th graders on social studies, 9th through 12th graders on American history, and 12th graders on Shakespeare. Less authoritative are 12 studies that link the amount of homework to achievement, but control for lots of other factors that might influence this connection. These types of studies, often based on national samples of students, also find a positive link between time on homework and achievement. Yet other studies simply correlate homework and achievement with no attempt to control for student differences. In 35 such studies, about 77 percent find the link between homework and achievement is positive. Most interesting, though, is these results suggest little or no relationship between homework and achievement for elementary school students. Why might that be? Younger children have less developed study habits and are less able to tune out distractions at home.
Homework is just another added pressure on the education of students. The amount of homework given to students usually keep them focused on school way into the night. I do not think it benefits a student to have to do three to four hours of work once the school day ends. A poll conducted for the Associated Press earlier this year found that about 57 percent of parents felt their child was assigned about the right amount of homework. Another 23 percent thought it was too little, 19 percent thought it was too much. Educators should be thrilled by these numbers. Pleasing a majority of parents regarding homework and having equal numbers of dissenters shouting "too much!" and "too little!" is about as good as they can hope for. But opinions cannot tell us whether homework works; only research can, which is why my colleagues and I have conducted a combined analysis of dozens of homework studies to examine whether homework is beneficial and what amount of homework is appropriate for our children. The homework question is best answered by comparing students who are assigned homework with students assigned no homework but who are similar in other ways.
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Yes, if given wisely. Someone who does homework meant to reinforce or review what was learned in class that day is behaviour benefiting from. However, when the homework given is not related to what was learned or is excessive or needs to be done by the parents, then this is not going to be beneficial. Yes homework is essential, homework is essential to the education system. It is a chance for students to see and apply what they have learned in school. It also lets teachers know you have grasped the material.
Too much homework is not good don but everyone needs some level of homework most days of the week. Homework does help students review what they did learn in class. It gives them a chance to go over it again later in the day to help get it in your memory, than it will also help the student see where they are struggling and what they are good. When given in moderation, yes, when homework is given in reasonable amounts, yes, it does help to review what was studied in class and better memorize. However, when students are loaded with hours and hours of homework, it becomes a big burden and big stress, nothing else. I remember trying to memorize tons of stuff, struggling with it, and feeling overwhelmed as a kid. Homework does not help students review what they did/learn in class.
Rather than seeing homework as a solution, policymakers should question what facets of their educational system might impel students, teachers and parents to increase homework loads. At the classroom level, in setting homework, teachers need to communicate with their peers and with parents to assure that the homework assigned overall for a grade is not burdensome, and that it is indeed having a positive effect. Perhaps, teachers can opt for a more individualised approach to homework. If teachers are careful in selecting their assignments weighing the students age, family situation and need for skill development then homework can be tailored in ways that improve the chance of maximum positive impact for any given student. I strongly suspect that when teachers face conditions such as pressure to meet arbitrary achievement goals, lack of planning time or little autonomy over curriculum, homework becomes an easy option to make up what could not be covered in class. Whatever the reason, the fact is a significant percentage of primary school children around the world are struggling with large homework loads.
That alone could have long-term negative consequences for their academic success. Read more gerald k letendre is Professor of Education at Pennsylvania state University This article was originally published on The conversation. Read the original article. It helps with my kids grades. When homework is giving to my kids they know that it something that they have to do do get their electronics backs. Homework is a scourge for my kids to review their studies in class but i know they always feel overwhelmed because my twins are in highschool so i say that it can be overwhelming but it is something to review homework.
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Even though some cultures may normalise long periods of studying for primary age children, there is no evidence to support that this level of homework has clear academic benefits. Also, when parents and children conflict over homework, and strong negative emotions are created, homework can actually have a negative association with academic achievement. Should there be no homework policies? Administrators and policymakers have not been reluctant to wade into the debates on homework and to formulate policies. Frances president, Francois Hollande, even proposed that homework be banned because it may have inegaliatarian effects. However, zero-tolerance homework policies for schools, or nations, are likely to create as many essay problems as they solve because of the wide variation of homework effects. Contrary healthy to what Hollande said, research suggests that homework is not a likely source of social class differences in academic achievement. Homework, in fact, is an important component of education for students in the middle and upper grades of schooling. Policymakers and researchers should look more closely at the connection between poverty, inequality and higher levels of homework.
Impact of homework on kids, timss data also show us how even elementary/primary school kids are being burdened with dialogue large amounts of homework. Almost 10 of fourth graders worldwide (one in 10 children) reported spending multiple hours on homework each night. Globally, one in five fourth graders report 30 minutes or more of homework in math three to four times a week. These reports of large homework loads should worry parents, teachers and policymakers alike. Empirical studies have linked excessive homework to sleep disruption, indicating a negative relationship between the amount of homework, perceived stress and physical health. What constitutes excessive amounts of homework varies by age, and may also be affected by cultural or family expectations. Young adolescents in middle school, or teenagers in high school, can study for longer duration than elementary/primary school children. But for elementary/primary school students, even 30 minutes of homework a night, if combined with other sources of academic stress, can have a negative impact. Researchers in China have linked homework of two or more hours per night with sleep disruption.
fourth graders reported doing no homework on an average school night, even though Dutch fourth graders put their country in the top 10 in terms of average math scores in 2007. Going by timss data, the us is neither. A nation at Rest as some have claimed, nor a nation straining under excessive homework load. Fourth and eighth grade us students fall in the middle of the 59 countries in the timss data set, although only reported high math homework loads compared to an international average. So, is homework related to high academic success? At a national level, the answer is clearly. Worldwide, homework is not associated with high national levels of academic achievement. But, the timss cant be used to determine if homework is actually helping or hurting academic performance overall, it can help us see how much homework students are doing, and what conditions are associated with higher national levels of homework. We have typically found that the highest homework loads are associated with countries that have lower incomes and higher levels of social inequality not hallmarks that most countries would want to emulate.
Undoubtedly, homework is a global phenomenon ; students from all 59 countries that participated in the 2007 Trends in Math and Science Study (timss) reported getting homework. Worldwide, only less than 7 of thesis fourth graders said they did no homework. Timss is one of the few data sets that allow us to compare many nations on how much homework is given (and done). And the data show extreme variation. For example, in some nations, like algeria, kuwait and Morocco, more than one in five fourth graders reported high levels of homework. In Japan, less than 3 of students indicated they did more than four hours of homework on a normal school night. Timss data can also help to dispel some common stereotypes.
How does homework help students?
Reformers in the Progressive era (from the 1890s to 1920s) depicted homework as a sin that deprived children of their playtime. Many critics voice similar concerns today. Yet there are many parents who feel that from early on, children need to do homework if they are to succeed in an increasingly competitive academic culture. School administrators and policy makers have also weighed in, proposing various policies on homework. For the last 10 years, my colleagues and I have been investigating international patterns in homework using databases like the. Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (timss). If we step back from the heated debates about homework and look at how homework is used around the world, we find the highest homework loads are associated with countries that have lower incomes and higher social inequality. Lets first look at the global trends on homework.