This impacted the gathering of evidence and assumed fatal proportions in the air India investigation. But most importantly, a lack of cultural awareness led to difficulties in the recruitment of credible witnesses for the trial. The lack of credibility in prosecution witnesses is at the crux of the acquittal. Conversely, this lack of cultural sensitivity panders to a superficial understanding of other people and exaggerates differences regarding dress and food. To share a meal, to sing and dance—these acts can be rich in beauty and meaning. But too often they are props holding up corporate multiculturalism, which is about surface, not depth.
Essay on, save, earth for Children and Students
If, say, the plan Irish or Ukrainians are groups subject to antiterrorist surveillance or investigation, let us allow for more understanding of those essay groups, those individuals, their stories and struggle. It cannot be, after Abu Ghraib, after Maher Arar, after the last years of turmoil and incompetence in the rcmp, just about security at all costs. What are the cultural and linguistic knowledge bases of the canadian public? If those intent on terror, that is, on acts of violence, use the trappings of religion, of culture, to promulgate a rationale for the taking of life, will we have the sophistication to sift through the spectacle of ethnic practices? Will listening in on people be more than state use of surveillance and include grassroots, community-based education about the other. Had such understanding existed more fully in the canada of the 1980s, our ability to track and assess those behind the bombing would have been greater. In a sense, too little multiculturalism hampered the air India investigation. In fact, why not dispense with that jargon word altogether—what can we as Canadians do to foster an educated curiosity about each other? This lack of curiosity is a defining characteristic of ethnocentrism. It led to a failure to identify and know the risk of an extremist terror threat right in our midst. When it came to hours of surveillance tapes, csis staff couldnt understand them, had difficulty in getting a translator in a timely manner, and didnt translate the tapes into English.
Well just become a police state, you know, if all this business antiterror stuff gets under way. What I find most compelling about Majors report is the fact that his findings and recommendations will push us into re-examining these sorts of statements, and that several of the cultural issues I brought to his attention during my testimony to him are once again. At the time of the bombing, an ethnocentric attitude in this country influenced hiring practices in all sectors, particular in government and law enforcement. This contributed to canadian government officials not realizing that they had to recruit into the federal public service a diverse workforce of men and women with not just language skills, but historical and cultural understanding. For example, in the 1980s, csis and the rcmp had very few, if any, punjabi-speaking officers engaged in surveillance. This had a catastrophic impact on how evidence was gathered and assessed. It may be that since the 1980s recruitment and hiring practices have changed—our society is much more inclusive—but my point is not simply to hire more minorities. We ought to hire in all our public sectors men and women of sufficient training and education and sensibilities that they understand and are curious about the history, language, culture, and diverse subcultures of Canada. Let it not be just about visible minorities.
How will our current government react? Will those recommendations much discussed in the last few days, dealing with the creation of superstructures regarding national you security and terror assessment, be put into place? What will Canadians lab think of such measures? Let this be another moment in the canadian saga that is Air India: all of us will have to debate and consider the balance between individual rights and collective security. Over the last 25 years, lawyers, politicians, school friends, and neighbours have challenged me: Surely you can see that the accused had to be acquitted. Why dont you sue the government? I dont think our tax dollars should pay for memorials—it was Indians who did. Its those east Indians—those sikhs—who know what goes on in their temples.
The photograph my father took of that leave-taking, my mother on one side of the glass divide, my aunt and uncle on the other, light flooding the background, our bodies dark against it, my mothers hand raised and pressed to her sisters, the divide between. A version of it helped market a film made later, by director Sturla gunnarsson. Let this image be a lens focusing light on the three markers in the saga that is Air India—bombing, trial, inquiry. Each one calls into question a belief in Canada as a just and inclusive society. In Volume i of the inquiry report, major lays out 64 recommendations. His list of key findings are grouped under headings: pre-bombing, post-bombing, overall government response and treatment of families, relationship between intelligence and evidence and challenges of terrorism prosecutions, aviation security, and terrorist financing. Will Canadians honour the work of this inquiry by reading the details amassed by its commissioner and his staff?
Life, essay - 787 Words
Zeb was always a star in the equation family: beautiful, accomplished. She had been a captain in Indias Home guard, an expert markswoman. She was fun to be around. Her husband, a surgeon, doted on her. My aunt and uncle were visiting Vancouver for the first time, that long-ago june. It is always sunny in the past when you are with your loved ones. We did the tourist thing—mount seymour, victoria, stanley for park.
But Zeb and Umar missed their only son, and despite my mothers protests, changed their flight plans to travel home earlier. We went to the airport to see them off. My sister and I rolled our eyes. So much emotion, the phrase inshallah if God wills interwoven among what all families say: Well see you again. My mother would reveal, 20 years later, her dreams were full of foreboding.
Renee sarojini saklikar discusses the Stanley park memorial to 331 people who died as a result of bombs placed on two planes, including Air India flight 182, which exploded off the Irish coast on June 23, 1985. The first phase of the commission of Inquiry into the Investigation of the bombing of Air India flight 182 brought family members to Ottawa. Twenty-one years after the fact, we were given the opportunity to tell our stories—about pain and loss, about the joy of our loved ones as they were when alive. And in the telling, other details emerged—about how trauma can undermine self-esteem, how family members, forced to carry on in a society that did little to acknowledge the incident, sometimes felt embarrassed by the depth of their grief, and how the silence surrounding Air India. That included the investigation, with missed opportunities for gathering evidence and an inability to prevent the intimidation of potential witnesses, as well as the internecine feuds within the Indo-canadian community about how and why that bomb was created and planted on a plane. This was a silence that disappeared a mass murder from mainstream Canadian life, for over 20 years.
The inquiry deserves credit for digging into these personal and official narratives. Let this be another moment: the names of the air India dead scrolled on overhead projectors at the opening of an inquiry, the photographs of family members, enlarged and transferred onto the walls of a building on Sussex Drive. On a chilly and bright October afternoon in 2006 in Ottawas Victoria hall, on behalf of my mother, sister to our beloved Auntie zeb and her husband, Umar, and Irfan, son of these two who perished that June day so many years earlier, i gave. Zeb was well-respected within her community in India. She and her husband founded a medical clinic and hospital in the state of Gujarat. Although encouraged to leave india for a more lucrative north American practice, zeb stayed on—her focus, womens reproductive health. In the small villages of that region, access to a female gynaecologist is rare.
Short, essay, on, save, water, save, earth: Essay on save earth save water
People behind us weep and shout. The blood rushes into my ears. I lick my lips, tacky with saliva. I dont dare look at my mother. This was the end of one of the longest and most expensive trials in Canadian history. The culmination of an empire act of aviation terror ranked as one of the worlds worst. Only it wasnt the end, teresa but a moment to hold like a mirror in front of what would come next: the call for an inquiry.
Raised to be canadian, i dont identify with any particular ethnic group. But on that day, in that place, sitting behind the families of the accused, an awareness seeped in—that I didnt belong to a big family, that my cultural badges were invisible. What were these badges, really, except for this language in which I write, english, and my religious denomination, that quintessential element of old Canada, the United Church? Im the daughter of one of its ministers. Time bends as I recall this moment. Justice josephson reads out his verdict, enunciating each phrase: not guilty. My spirit rises up from within my body and then falls down handwriting a long, white-grey tunnel, my limbs sink deeper into the chair, my chest caves inward, eyes closed, head to breast, my body limp. I breathe in, out.
glass separated the body of the court from the rest. Behind the lexan were clerks and sheriffs, the accused and the lawyers, each at their station, performers in a built environment augmented by technology and isolated from its public, in what local avant-garde artist and scholar Judy radul describes as a premonition of the future. The drama of that moment still resonates with me—hundreds of journalists jostling in corridors and, in that windowless room, the expectancy of those willing conviction and those against. From the corner of my eye, i saw the flash of neon-coloured elevator turbans, worn by female supporters of the accused, and I heard the jingle and jangle of bangles. Somehow these symbols of identity left me feeling bereft. Most of the families of those killed were clad in western dress—we were our own small units of grief, clothed in muted colours. Born in Pune, in the Indian state of Maharashtra, ive lived in this country since i was a baby.
On June 23, 1985, when the air India boeing 747 exploded over the Atlantic off the southwest coast of Ireland, my aunt,. Zebunnisa jethwa, 43, and her husband,. Umar Jethwa, 45, were murdered. After an investigation spanning decades, and littered with controversy, the two accused men were charged with eight counts of criminal wrongdoing in the proceeding that became known as the air India trial. On March 16, 2005, the acquittal of the accused on every count provoked an outcry not just from Air India family members but the canadian and global public. I wont soon forget the specially designed, high-security courtroom known as courtroom 20, in the basement of the vancouver Law courts—the room at that time new, with unmarked red carpets, and glossy blond wood panelling. My mother and my husband sat with me, alongside not only other Air India family members, but also the families of the accused—we were all together.
Essay on save fuel for future
By renee sarojini saklikar, the 25th anniversary of the bombing of Air India flight 182 is a milestone that must be placed within the context of the 2005 trial verdict, with its acquittal of the accused (Ripudaman Singh Malik and Ajaib Singh Bagri). These events left indelible marks on the canadian psyche but are underestimated facets of our collective history. That the anniversary coincides with the release of the final report of the commission of inquiry into the investigation of the bombing adds to the significance of each event. Former Supreme court justice john Major worked within 20 terms of reference, one of which stipulated that he make no conclusion or recommendation regarding civil or criminal liability. The weight of all his findings must be set against two facts: 331 people lost their lives to acts of terror and to this day, only one man has ever been convicted. If eternal vigilance is the price of liberty, then the final report of the inquiry—five volumes, over 3,000 pages—gets many things right: the canadian-ness of the tragedy is embraced; the actions of our government before and after the bombing are collated, analyzed, and found wanting. Contrary to recent assertions that the report shies away from an examination of racism, the major inquiry cites many instances of a collective mindset intent on looking away, a hallmark of ethnocentrism. As a family member of two people who perished in the bombing, the excoriation of Canadas culture of complacency validates a long-held observation. Like most members of any affluent society, we canadians often statement lack a capacity for educated curiosity—not the curiosity of the tourist who extracts and objectifies, but the empathic, historically informed curiosity of the seeker.